Do you Know What a Care Specialism is?

A care specialism is an area of activity, work or study that a care service concentrates on or is expert in.

This article will identify & explain the 10 different types of specialisms that you may come across whilst browsing care provider profiles on

Care Specialisms

Dementia Care

A care service that specialises in dementia care will have staff who are trained in caring for people who are living with dementia.

Care/nursing homes may have adaptions around the home to make life easier for their residents who have dementia, such as:

  • Signs on doors/walls etc
  • Sensory rooms
  • Specialist dementia unit
  • An activity coordinator specialising in dementia-friendly activities

Day Care

Some care homes offer a day care service to those who are still living at home but may need support with companionship to prevent them from becoming bored or lonely.

Day care involves stimulating activities, companionship and care in a safe environment whilst enabling older people to maintain their treasured independence.


The abbreviation EMI stands for Elderly Mentally Infirm and is now often referred to as dementia nursing care. It refers to older people who have mental health difficulties or frailties including Alzheimer's and other types of dementia. Care services who offer EMI care are able to care for older people who have advanced dementia and require 24/7 care in a safe environment.

EMI nursing homes often have a specialist secure dementia unit for residents to help keep them safe.

Learning Difficulties

Care services that specialise in learning difficulties have staff who are trained in caring for those with additional learning needs. People who have a learning difficulty find it more difficult to learn new things throughout their lifetime which can affect their ability to cope independently without support.

The severity of learning difficulties greatly vary, often categorised as mild, moderate and severe. Those who have moderate to severe learning difficulties are more likely to require support throughout their lives.

Old Age (65 + years)

Self-explanatory, care services that offer care for over 65-year-olds are trained in how to care for older people. Generally speaking, older people may need support with meals, companionship, medication administration & personal care amongst other day to day tasks.

As people grow older, it is normal for them to become frailer, slower and lose muscle which naturally makes simple tasks increasingly challenging.

Many care services are able to care for over 65 year old's as this is the age range that people tend to require more support.

Under 65 Years

A care service who is registered for under 65-year-olds is able to care for adults who have care requirements a little earlier than the vast majority of people.  This may be because they have been diagnosed with an illness/condition 0r have had an accident which has affected their ability to live independently without support.

Younger Adults (18-25)

Some care services specialise in caring for younger adults aged between 18-25 years who have care requirements preventing them from living independently. They will have staff who have been specially trained in caring for younger people.

Younger adults requiring care are likely to have a medical condition, learning disability, have had an accident or have a physical disability.

Physical Disabilities

Care services specialising in physical disabilities have staff who are trained to care for those who have mobility issues. For instance, they will be able to care for people who are wheelchair-bound or require hoisting.

Care homes who cater for physical disabilities will have appropriate adjustments around the home such as fittings in bathrooms to make life easier for residents.

Respite Care

Respite care is care that is required short-term. Typically, respite care is required for around 2-4 weeks to give a persons' main carer a break or whilst family members go away on a holiday.

Respite care can be provided in either a residential setting, or in the persons' own home with the help of home care/live-in Carers.

Palliative Care

If a care service provides palliative care, they are able to care for those who are nearing the end of their life. Care services will be trained in how to make a persons' final days as comfortable and fulfilling as possible. The support that palliative care provides extends to the family, friends and carers of the person who requires care.

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